AskDefine | Define allemand

User Contributed Dictionary

see Allemand

English

Noun

allemand
  1. misspelling of allemande

French

Alternative spellings

  • Jersey: allémand
  • Pacardy: al'mand

Etymology

From Latin alamannus or alemannus (related to Alamans, ancient Germanic people for whom the name meant "all people", according to Asinius Quadratus). aleman became alemant by the addition of a terminal T of the singular objective case for adjectives of second class in ancient French, and then alemand. The Latin word itself derives from the former High German Alaman.

Pronunciation

Noun

allemand m
  1. The German language; the language used in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, and some cantons in eastern Belgium.
    • L’allemand est une langue germanique.
      German is a Germanic language.
    • Mon stagiaire parle un allemand impeccable.
      My trainee speaks perfect German.
    • Parlez-vous allemand ?
      Do you speak German?

Adjective

allemand m, allemande f, allemandes mp, allemandes fp
  1. German; related to or originating from Germany.
    • J’ai acheté une voiture allemande.
      I've bought a German car.
    • Les contes allemands sont fameux.
      German fairy tales are famous.
  2. German; related to the German language.
    • Il n’y a pas qu’en Allemagne qu’on utilise des mots allemands.
      Not only in Germany does one use German words.
    • La traduction allemande de France est Frankreich.
      The German translation of "France" is Frankreich.

Related terms

See also

Extensive Definition

An allemande (also spelled allemanda, almain, or alman) (from the French word for "German") is one of the most popular instrumental dance forms in Baroque music, and a standard element of a suite. Originally, the allemande formed the first movement of the suite, before the courante, but, later, it was generally preceded by an introductory movement, such as a prelude.
The allemande originated in the 16th century (Renaissance) as a duple metre dance of moderate tempo, derived from dances supposed to be favoured in Germany at the time. No German dance instructions from this era survive, but 16th century French (Arbeau) and British (Inns of Court) dance manuals for the Almain do survive. In general the dancers formed a line of couples, extended their paired hands forward, and paraded back and forth the length of the room, walking three steps, then balancing on one foot; a livelier version used three springing steps and a hop.
French composers of the 17th century experimented with the allemande, shifting to quadruple meter and ranging more widely in tempo. The form of the allemande was used for the tombeau. Other identifying features are its absence of syncopation, its combination of short motivic scraps into larger units, and its tonal and motivic contrasts. German composers like Froberger and Bach followed suit in their allemandes for keyboard instruments, although ensemble allemandes tended to stay in a more traditional form. Italian and English composers were more free with the allemande, writing in counterpoint and using a variety of tempi (Corelli wrote allemandes ranging from largo to presto).
Late in the 18th century, "allemande" came to be used for a new type of dance in triple meter; Weber's Douze allemande op. 4 of 1801 anticipates the waltz. Additionally some of the close embraces and turns of the original Allemande were carried over to Square Dance and Contra Dance, with the moves "Allemande left" and "Allemande right", (often spelled "Alamand") in which couples hold hands and turn around each other.

References

allemand in German: Allemande
allemand in Estonian: Allemande
allemand in Spanish: Alemanda
allemand in Esperanto: Alemando
allemand in Persian: آلماند
allemand in French: Allemande (danse)
allemand in Italian: Allemanda
allemand in Hungarian: Allemande
allemand in Dutch: Allemande
allemand in Japanese: アルマンド
allemand in Polish: Allemande
allemand in Russian: Аллеманда
allemand in Simple English: Allemande
allemand in Slovenian: Allemanda
allemand in Finnish: Allemande
allemand in Ukrainian: Алеманда
allemand in Chinese: 阿勒芒德
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